Thursday, April 10, 2014

EXPRESSING PURPOSE: FOR OR TO?

For is commonly used with nouns to express individual purpose:
  • I stopped by at his office for a chat .
    (Not: I stopped by at his office for having a chat.)

  • I decided I would save up for a new computer.
    (NOT: I decided I would save up for buying a new computer.)
If we want to express individual purpose with a verb pattern, we are obliged to use to + infinitive:
  • I popped into his office to have a chat.

  • I decided to save up to buy a new computer.
 
 
For + verb-ing: the purpose of an object
However, if we are talking about the purpose of an object or an action, we normally use the for + verb-ing pattern. Note that this pattern commonly answers the question: What are they (used) for? Compare the following:
  • Schools are for educating children not for entertaining them.

  • Schools are for learning. Life is for living.

  • This kitchen knife is especially useful for slicing vegetables.

  • What's this for? ~ It's for opening oysters. It's much better than a knife.

  • What's this fifty pound note for? ~ It's for buying food for the weekend.
Note that when the subject of the sentence is a person rather than the thing described, the to + infinitive pattern is also possible:
  • I use this small knife to slice vegetables with.

  • I use this gadget to open shellfish with.
 
  (c) Adapted from http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/grammar/learnit/learnitv284.shtml

Wednesday, March 26, 2014

SPEAKING



COMPARATIVES AND SUPERLATIVES


Two-syllable adjectives ending in -y have -ier and -iest as their comparative and superlative. For example:
pretty prettier prettiest
happy happier happiest
dirty dirtier dirtiest
messy messier messiest
  • Yours is the messiest room I have ever seen.
  • She was the prettiest and happiest girl at the party.
Note that other common two-syllable adjectives ending in an unstressed vowel normally take the -er/-est patterns:
simple simpler simplest
clever cleverer cleverest
  • The cleverest solution to any problem is usually the simplest one.

  Others, particularly participial adjectives formed with -ing and -ed and those ending in -ious and -ful form their comparatives and superlatives with more and most:
boring more boring most boring
worried more worried most worried
anxious more anxious most anxious
careful more careful most careful
  • Watching cricket is even more boring than playing it.
  • My wife was certainly more anxious than I was when
    Penny failed to return.
  • I bought the wrong type of hair shampoo for Joan. Next
    time I was more careful.

With some two-syllable adjectives, er/est and more/most are both possible:
  • The commonest /most common alcoholic drink in Poland is vodka.
  • He is more pleasant /pleasanter to talk to when he has
    not been drinking.

  Three or more syllable adjectives take more or most in the comparative and superlative except for two-syllable adjectives ending in -y and prefixed with un-:
reasonable more reasonable most reasonable
beautiful more beautiful most beautiful
untidy untidier untidiest
unhealthy unhealthier unheathiest
  • John is the unhealthiest person I know, but one of the most successful.



 
(c) Adapted from http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/grammar/learnit/learnitv140.shtml

EXERCISES:





A good song to revise comparatives is the following one:
 Harder, Better, Faster, Stronger by Daft Punk



If you want to revise superlatives, 
listen to The Hardest Part by Coldplay

 








FILMS



Guess the movie from eoi.soraya

Do you remember when Penélope Cruz and Javier Bardem won the Academy Awards for best supporting actress and actor respectively?








Tuesday, March 25, 2014

CLOTHES


You can read the following picture book about clothes.




If you are really fond of shoes, have a look at the following picture.

Click on the following link to fill in the gaps with the suitable word: 
SHOPPING ROLE-PLAY


Watch the following videos to revise vocabulary on different items of clothing .







Are you a shopaholic?

Do the following quiz and find it out!

SHOPAHOLIC QUIZ

PRESENT PERFECT



FOR AND SINCE



Click on the following links to do some exercises on FOR and SINCE.

PAST TENSES: PAST SIMPLE, PAST CONTINUOUS AND PRESENT PERFECT







EXERCISES: